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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

gain but a loss. 

 

What seems usually to happen, in the presence of a formal legislative 

prohibition against the marriage of a particular class, is a combination 

of various evils. In part the law becomes a dead letter, in part it is 

evaded by skill and fraud, in part it is obeyed to give rise to worse 

evils. This happened, for instance, in the Terek district of the Caucasus 

where, on the demand of a medical committee, priests were prohibited from 

marrying persons among whose relatives or ancestry any cases of leprosy 

had occurred. So much and such various mischief was caused by this order 

that it was speedily withdrawn.[452] 

 

If we remember that the Catholic Church was occupied for more than a 

thousand years in the attempt to impose the prohibition of marriage on its 

priesthood,--an educated and trained body of men, who had every spiritual 

and worldly motive to accept the prohibition, and were, moreover, brought 

up to regard asceticism as the best ideal in life,[453]--we may realize 

how absurd it is to attempt to gain the same end by mere casual 

prohibitions issued to untrained people with no motives to obey such 

prohibitions, and no ideals of celibacy. 

 

The hopelessness and even absurdity of effecting the eugenic improvement 

of the race by merely placing on the statute book prohibitions to certain 

classes of people to enter the legal bonds of matrimony as at present 

constituted, reveals the weakness of those who undervalue the eugenic 

importance of environment. Those who affirm that heredity is everything 

and environment nothing seem strangely to forget that it is precisely the 

lower classes--those who are most subjected to the influence of bad 

environment--who procreate most copiously, most recklessly, and most 

disastrously. The restraint of procreation, and a concomitant regard for 

heredity, increase _pari passu_ with improvement of the environment and 

rise in social well-being. If even already it can be said that probably 

fifty per cent. of sexual intercourse--perhaps the most procreatively 

productive moiety--takes place outside legal marriage, it becomes obvious 

that statutory prohibition to the unfit classes to refrain from legal 

marriage merely involves their joining the procreating classes outside 

legal matrimony. It is also clear that if we are to neglect the factor of 

environment, and leave the lower social classes to the ignorance and 

recklessness which are the result of such environment, the only practical 

method of eugenics left open is that by castration and abortion. But this 

method--if applied on a wholesale scale as it would need to be[454] and 

without reference to the consent of the individual--is entirely opposed 

to modern democratic feeling. Thus those short-sighted eugenists who 

overlook the importance of environment are overlooking the only practical 

channel through which their aims can be realized. Attention to procreation 

and attention to environment are not, as some have supposed, antagonistic, 

but they play harmoniously into each other's hands. The care for 

environment leads to a restraint on reckless procreation, and the 

restraint of procreation leads to improved environment. 

 

Legislation on marriage, to be effectual, must be enacted in the home, in 

the school, in the doctor's consulting room. Force is helpless here; it is 

education that is needed, not merely instruction, but the education of the 

conscience and will, and the training of the emotions. 

 

Legal action may come in to further this process of education, though it 

cannot replace it. Thus it is very desirable that when there has been a 

concealment of serious disease by a party to a marriage such concealment 


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