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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

seen much the same truth when he said that the art which adds to Nature 

"is an art that Nature makes." Law and religion have buttressed monogamy; 

it is not based on them but on the needs and customs of mankind, and these 

constitute its completely adequate sanctions.[313] Or, as Cope put it, 

marriage is not the creation of law but the law is its creation.[314] 

Crawley, again, throughout his study of primitive sex relationships, 

emphasizes the fact that our formal marriage system is not, as so many 

religious and moral writers once supposed, a forcible repression of 

natural impulses, but merely the rigid crystallization of those natural 

impulses, which in a more fluid form have been in human nature from the 

first. Our conventional forms, we must believe, have not introduced any 

elements of value, while in some respects they have been mischievous. 

 

It is necessary to bear in mind that the conclusion that 

monogamic marriage is natural, and represents an order which is 

in harmony with the instincts of the majority of people, by no 

means involves agreement with the details of any particular legal 

system of monogamy. Monogamic marriage is a natural biological 

fact, alike in many animals and in man. But no system of legal 

regulation is a natural biological fact. When a highly esteemed 

alienist, Dr. Clouston, writes (_The Hygiene of Mind_, p. 245) 

"there is only one natural mode of gratifying sexual _nisus_ and 

reproductive instinct, that of marriage," the statement requires 

considerable exegesis before it can be accepted, or even receive 

an intelligible meaning, and if we are to understand by 

"marriage" the particular form and implications of the English 

marriage law, or even of the somewhat more enlightened Scotch 

law, the statement is absolutely false. There is a world of 

difference, as J.A. Godfrey remarks (_The Science of Sex_, 1901, 

p. 278), between natural monogamous marriage and our legal 

system; "the former is the outward expression of the best that 

lies in the sexuality of man; the latter is a creation in which 

religious and moral superstitions have played a most important 

part, not always to the benefit of individual and social health." 

 

We must, therefore, guard against the tendency to think that 

there is anything rigid or formal in the natural order of 

monogamy. Some sociologists would even limit the naturalness of 

monogamy still further. Thus Tarde ("La Morale Sexuelle," 

_Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle_, Jan., 1907), while 

accepting as natural under present conditions the tendency for 

monogamy, mitigated by more or less clandestine concubinage, to 

prevail over all other forms of marriage, considers that this is 

not due to any irresistible influence, but merely to the fact 

that this kind of marriage is practiced by the majority of 

people, including the most civilized. 

 

 

 


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