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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

[285] Donaldson, _Woman_, pp. 109, 120. 

 

[286] _Mercator_, iv, 5. 

 

[287] Digest XLVIII, 13, 5. 

 

[288] Hobhouse, _Morals in Evolution_, vol. i, p. 213. 

 

[289] For an account of the work of some of the less known of these 

pioneers, see a series of articles by Harriet McIlquham in the 

_Westminster Review_, especially Nov., 1898, and Nov., 1903. 

 

[290] The influence of Christianity on the position of women has been well 

discussed by Lecky, _History of European Morals_, vol. ii, pp. 316 et 

seq., and more recently by Donaldson, _Woman_, Bk. iii. 

 

[291] Migne, _Patrologia_, vol. clviii, p. 680. 

 

[292] Rosa Mayreder, "Einiges ueber die Starke Faust," _Zur Kritik der 

Weiblichkeit_, 1905. 

 

[293] Rasmussen (_People of the Polar North_, p. 56), describes a 

ferocious quarrel between husband and wife, who each in turn knocked the 

other down. "Somewhat later, when I peeped in, they were lying 

affectionately asleep, with their arms around each other." 

 

[294] Hobhouse, _Morals in Evolution_, vol. ii, p. 367. Dr. Stoecker, in 

_Die Liebe und die Frauen_, also insists on the significance of this 

factor of personal responsibility. 

 

[295] Olive Schreiner has especially emphasized the evils of parasitism 

for women. "The increased wealth of the male," she remarks ("The Woman's 

Movement of Our Day," _Harper's Bazaar_, Jan., 1902), "no more of 

necessity benefits and raises the female upon whom he expends it, than the 

increased wealth of his mistress necessarily benefits, mentally or 

physically, a poodle, because she can then give him a down cushion in 

place of one of feathers, and chicken in place of beef." Olive Schreiner 

believes that feminine parasitism is a danger which really threatens 

society at the present time, and that if not averted "the whole body of 

females in civilized societies must sink into a state of more or less 

absolute dependence." 

 

[296] In Rome and in Japan, Hobhouse notes (op. cit., vol. i, pp. 169, 

176), the patriarchal system reached its fullest extension, yet the laws 

of both these countries placed the husband in a position of practical 

subjugation to a rich wife. 

 

[297] Herodotus, Bk. ii, Ch. XXXV. Herodotus noted that it was the woman 

and not the man on whom the responsibility for supporting aged parents 

rested. That alone involved a very high economic position of women. It is 

not surprising that to some observers, as to Diodorus Siculus, it seemed 

that the Egyptian woman was mistress over her husband. 

 

[298] Hobhouse (loc. cit.), Hale, and also Grosse, believe that good 

economic position of a people involves high position of women. Westermarck 

(_Moral Ideas_, vol. i, p. 661), here in agreement with Olive Schreiner, 

thinks this statement cannot be accepted without modification, though 

agreeing that agricultural life has a good effect on woman's position, 

because they themselves become actively engaged in it. A good economic 

position has no real effect in raising woman's position, unless women 

themselves take a real and not merely parasitic part in it. 

 

[299] Westermarck (_Moral Ideas_, vol. i, Ch. XXVI, vol. ii, p. 29) gives 

numerous references with regard to the considerable proprietary and other 

privileges of women among savages which tend to be lost at a somewhat 

higher stage of culture. 

 

[300] The steady rise in the proportion of women among English workers in 

machine industries began in 1851. There are now, it is estimated, three 

and a half million women employed in industrial occupations, beside a 

million and a half domestic servants. (See for details, James Haslam, in a 

series of papers in the _Englishwoman_ 1909.) 

 

[301] See, e.g., J.A. Hobson, _The Evolution of Modern Capitalism_, second 


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