Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

loom and went to market to transact the business of commerce.[297] It is 

the economic factor in social life which secures the moral responsibility 

of women and which chiefly determines the position of the wife in relation 

to her husband.[298] In this respect in its late stages civilization 

returns to the same point it had occupied at the beginning, when, as has 

already been noted, we find greater equality with men and at the same time 

greater economic independence.[299] 

 

 

In all the leading modern civilized countries, for a century past, custom 

and law have combined to give an ever greater economic independence to 

women. In some respects England took the lead by inaugurating the great 

industrial movement which slowly swept women into its ranks,[300] and made 

inevitable the legal changes which, by 1882, insured to a married woman 

the possession of her own earnings. The same movement, with its same 

consequences, is going on elsewhere. In the United States, just as in 

England, there is a vast army of five million women, rapidly increasing, 

who earn their own living, and their position in relation to men workers 

is even better than in England. In France from twenty-five to seventy-five 

per cent. of the workers in most of the chief industries--the liberal 

professions, commerce, agriculture, factory industries--are women, and in 

some of the very largest, such as home industries and textile industries, 

more women are employed than men. In Japan, it is said, three-fifths of 

the factory workers are women, and all the textile industries are in the 

hands of women.[301] This movement is the outward expression of the modern 

conception of personal rights, personal moral worth, and personal 

responsibility, which, as Hobhouse has remarked, has compelled women to 

take their lives into their own hands, and has at the same time rendered 

the ancient marriage laws an anachronism, and the ancient ideals of 

feminine innocence shrouded from the world a mere piece of false 

sentiment.[302] 

 

 


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