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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

put to death. Christianity has abolished club-law, and purely 

moral restraints, or the terror of the penalties of the next 

world, do not, to the limited imagination of the Fijian, quite 

take its place. So the standard of Fijian chastity is 

distressingly low." 

 

It must always be remembered that when the highly organized 

primitive system of mixed spiritual and physical restraints is 

removed, chastity becomes more delicately and unstably poised. 

The controlling power of personal responsibility, valuable and 

essential as it is, cannot permanently and unremittingly restrain 

the volcanic forces of the passion of love even in high 

civilizations. "No perfection of moral constitution in a woman," 

Hinlon has well said, "no power of will, no wish and resolution 

to be 'good,' no force of religion or control of custom, can 

secure what is called the virtue of woman. The emotion of 

absolute devotion with which some man may inspire her will sweep 

them all away. Society, in choosing to erect itself on that 

basis, chooses inevitable disorder, and so long as it continues 

to choose it will continue to have that result." 

 

It is necessary to insist for a while on this personal responsibility in 

matters of sexual morality, in the form in which it is making itself felt 

among us, and to search out its implications. The most important of these 

is undoubtedly economic independence. That is indeed so important that 

moral responsibility in any fine sense can scarcely be said to have any 

existence in its absence. Moral responsibility and economic independence 

are indeed really identical; they are but two sides of the same social 

fact. The responsible person is the person who is able to answer for his 

actions and, if need be, to pay for them. The economically dependent 

person can accept a criminal responsibility; he can, with an empty purse, 

go to prison or to death. But in the ordinary sphere of everyday morality 

that large penalty is not required of him; if he goes against the wishes 

of his family or his friends or his parish, they may turn their backs on 

him but they cannot usually demand against him the last penalties of the 

law. He can exert his own personal responsibility, he can freely choose to 

go his own way and to maintain himself in it before his fellowmen on one 

condition, that he is able to pay for it. His personal responsibility has 

little or no meaning except in so far as it is also economic independence. 

 

In civilized societies as they attain maturity, the women tend to acquire 

a greater and greater degree alike of moral responsibility and economic 

independence. Any freedom and seeming equality of women, even when it 

actually assumes the air of superiority, which is not so based, is unreal. 

It is only on sufferance; it is the freedom accorded to the child, because 

it asks for it so prettily or may scream if it is refused. This is merely 

parasitism.[295] The basis of economic independence ensures a more real 

freedom. Even in societies which by law and custom hold women in strict 

subordination, the woman who happens to be placed in possession of 

property enjoys a high degree alike of independence and of 

responsibility.[296] The growth of a high civilization seems indeed to be 

so closely identified with the economic freedom and independence of women 

that it is difficult to say which is cause and which effect. Herodotus, in 

his fascinating account of Egypt, a land which he regarded as admirable 

beyond all other lands, noted with surprise that, totally unlike the 

fashion of Greece, women left the men at home to the management of the 


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