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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

country where the majority of births are illegitimate it is an 

obvious social necessity that the names of both parents should be 

duly registered on all birth certificates. It has been an 

unpardonable failure on the part of the Jamaican Government to 

neglect the simple measure needed to give "each child born in the 

country a legal father" (p. 258). 

 

We thus see that we have to-day reached a position in which--partly owing 

to economic causes and partly to causes which are more deeply rooted in 

the tendencies involved by civilization--women are more often detached 

than of old from legal sexual relationship with men and both sexes are 

less inclined than in earlier stages of civilization to sacrifice their 

own independence even when they form such relationships. "I never heard of 

a woman over sixteen years of age who, prior to the breakdown of 

aboriginal customs after the coming of the whites, had not a husband," 

wrote Curr of the Australian Blacks.[271] Even as regards some parts of 

Europe, it is still possible to-day to make almost the same statement. But 

in all the richer, more energetic, and progressive countries very 

different conditions prevail. Marriage is late and a certain proportion of 

men, and a still larger proportion of women (who exceed the men in the 

general population) never marry at all.[272] 

 

Before we consider the fateful significance of this fact of the growing 

proportion of adult unmarried women whose sexual relationships are 

unrecognized by the state and largely unrecognized altogether, it may be 

well to glance summarily at the two historical streams of tendency, both 

still in action among us, which affect the status of women, the one 

favoring the social equality of the sexes, the other favoring the social 

subjection of women. It is not difficult to trace these two streams both 

in conduct and opinion, in practical morality and in theoretical morality. 

 

At one time it was widely held that in early states of society, before the 

establishment of the patriarchal stage which places women under the 

protection of men, a matriarchal stage prevailed in which women possessed 

supreme power.[273] Bachofen, half a century ago, was the great champion 

of this view. He found a typical example of a matriarchal state among the 

ancient Lycians of Asia Minor with whom, Herodotus stated, the child takes 

the name of the mother, and follows her status, not that of the 

father.[274] Such peoples, Bachofen believed, were gynaecocratic; power was 

in the hands of women. It can no longer be said that this opinion, in the 

form held by Bachofen, meets with any considerable support. As to the 

widespread prevalence of descent through the mother, there is no doubt 

whatever that it has prevailed very widely. But such descent through the 

mother, it has become recognized, by no means necessarily involves the 

power of the mother, and mother-descent may even be combined with a 

patriarchal system.[275] There has even been a tendency to run to the 

opposite extreme from Bachofen and to deny that mother-descent conferred 

any special claim for consideration on women. That, however, seems 

scarcely in accordance with the evidence and even in the absence of 

evidence could scarcely be regarded as probable. It would seem that we may 

fairly take as a type of the matriarchal family that based on the _ambil 

anak_ marriage of Sumatra, in which the husband lives in the wife's 

family, paying nothing and occupying a subordinate position. The example 

of the Lycians is here in point, for although, as reported by Herodotus, 

there is nothing to show that there was anything of the nature of a 


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