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Table of contents
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.1
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.2
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.3
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.4
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.5
THE CONQUEST OF THE VENEREAL DISEASES-8.6
FOOTNOTES
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.1
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.2
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.3
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.4
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.5
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.6
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.7
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.8
SEXUAL MORALITY-9.9
MARRIAGE-10.1
MARRIAGE-10.2
MARRIAGE-10.3
MARRIAGE-10.4
MARRIAGE-10.5
MARRIAGE-10.6
MARRIAGE-10.7
MARRIAGE-10.8
MARRIAGE-10.9
MARRIAGE-10.10
MARRIAGE-10.11
MARRIAGE-10.12
FOOTNOTES
THE ART OF LOVE-11.1
THE ART OF LOVE-11.2
THE ART OF LOVE-11.3
THE ART OF LOVE-11.4
THE ART OF LOVE-11.5
THE ART OF LOVE-11.6
THE ART OF LOVE-11.7
THE ART OF LOVE-11.8
THE ART OF LOVE-11.9
THE ART OF LOVE-11.10
THE ART OF LOVE-11.11
FOOTNOTES
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.1
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.2
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.3
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.4
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.5
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.6
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.7
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.8
THE SCIENCE OF PROCREATION-12.9
FOOTNOTES
INDEX OF AUTHORS

unbounded." In Denmark, also, a large number of children are 

conceived before the unions of the parents are legalized (Rubin 

and Westergaard, quoted by Gaedeken, _Archives d'Anthropologie 

Criminelle_, Feb. 15, 1909). 

 

In Germany not only is the proportion of illegitimate births very 

high, since in Berlin it is 17 per cent., and in some towns very 

much higher, but ante-nuptial conceptions take place in nearly 

half the marriages, and sometimes in the majority. Thus in Berlin 

more than 40 per cent, of all legitimate firstborn children are 

conceived before marriage, while in some rural provinces (where 

the proportion of illegitimate births is lower) the percentage of 

marriages following ante-nuptial conceptions is much higher than 

in Berlin. The conditions in rural Germany have been especially 

investigated by a committee of Lutheran pastors, and were set 

forth a few years ago in two volumes, _Die Geschlecht-sittlich 

Verhaeltnisse im Deutschen Reiche_, which are full of instruction 

concerning German sexual morality. In Hanover, it is said in this 

work, the majority of authorities state that intercourse before 

marriage is the rule. At the very least, a _probe_, or trial, is 

regarded as a matter-of-course preliminary to a marriage, since 

no one wishes "to buy a pig in a poke." In Saxony, likewise, we 

are told, it is seldom that a girl fails to have intercourse 

before marriage, or that her first child is not born, or at all 

events conceived, outside marriage. This is justified as a proper 

proving of a bride before taking her for good. "One does not buy 

even a penny pipe without trying it," a German pastor was 

informed. Around Stettin, in twelve districts (nearly half the 

whole), sexual intercourse before marriage is a recognized 

custom, and in the remainder, if not exactly a custom, it is very 

common, and is not severely or even at all condemned by public 

opinion. In some districts marriage immediately follows 

pregnancy. In the Dantzig neighborhood, again, according to the 

Lutheran Committee, intercourse before marriage occurs in more 

than half the cases, but marriage by no means always follows 

pregnancy. Nearly all the girls who go as servants have lovers, 

and country people in engaging servants sometimes tell them that 

at evening and night they may do as they like. This state of 

things is found to be favorable to conjugal fidelity. The German 

peasant girl, as another authority remarks (E.H. Meyer, _Deutsche 

Volkskunde_, 1898, pp. 154, 164), has her own room; she may 

receive her lover; it is no great shame if she gives herself to 

him. The number of women who enter legal marriage still virgins 

is not large (this refers more especially to Baden), but public 

opinion protects them, and such opinion is unfavorable to the 

disregard of the responsibilities involved by sexual 

relationships. The German woman is less chaste before marriage 

than her French or Italian sister. But, Meyer adds, she is 

probably more faithful after marriage than they are. 


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